Indio has a derogatory meaning in mexico/california the name indio in spanish and indian in english to describe natives of the american continents derives . Was the requerimiento used by spanish explorers to justify their conquest of the native americans they said that they were converting the tainos west indians to christianity. Documents of colonization: the requerimiento, 1513 this document was written by palacios rubios in 1513 the requirement or the requerimiento required aboriginal people who heard it to surrender their lands and freedom to spain, or face war and slavery. Council of castille, requerimiento to be read to the indians, 1510 (pdf) cortés , letter to king charles i of spain , 1521, excerpts indian accounts of the spanish conquest in mexico, 1500s (pdf). Free genealogy » indian tribes of north america » texas indian tribes texas indian tribes was given by the spaniards to those atakapa living in southeastern .
El requerimiento, meaning the requirement, or demand, was drafted in 1513 by juan lópez de palacios rubios, a member of the council of castile, which advised king ferdinand the document was designed to be read in spanish by spanish explorers to american indians, introducing them to christian doctrine. Thus in formal terms, the requerimiento appears to be quintessentially performative: as it is read, speech becomes action as social relations between the indians and the spaniards are transformed. By 1610, aguascalientes had a population consisting of about 25 spaniards, 20 black slaves, 10 indians and roughly 150 mixed-race residents of indigenous descent. Many of the indian women survived and eventually populated the interior of puerto rico along with the spanish sailors who had brought no women with them for several hundred years puerto rico was a small farm economy.
Slavery in mexico shep lenchek he had launched a program of extortion and enslavement against the indians spaniards who remained loyal to cortes were . El paso missions ysleta excavations teachers: oldest mission in texas kids: mapping the past credits and sources during the 16th century, el paso became an important stop for spanish explorers on their way to new mexico to find riches and convert the native population to christianity. Aztecs under attack: hernán cortés, with 200 spaniards and 5,000 indians defeats a larger aztec force in 1520 photograph: unknown/ archivo iconografico, sa/corbis spanish conquistadors, women . The indian reorganization act the spanish empire conquered if they didn't submit to spanish rule the requerimiento stated that god had given the lands to the pope, who had given it to spain .
The spanish requirement of 1513 (requerimiento) of protecting the indians from force would read el requerimiento in castilian before a group of indians on the . The pueblo resisters managed to push the spanish south down the camino real, to el paso del norte the confrontation of indians, spanish, and french in the . The requerimiento and spanish justification for conquest in the new world in what they referred to as el nuevo mundo, spain had found seemingly limitless lands with inexhaustible resources (particularly gold and silver), as well as what they thought to be an unending supply of indians to be shipped off as slaves or pressed into service there (which amounted to slavery). Taino indian culture at their arrival the spaniards expected the taíno indians to acknowledge the sovereignty of the king of spain by payment of gold tribute .
The spanish requirement of 1513 (requerimiento) in the new world was captured in a declaration addressed to indian populations known as el requerimiento . The aztecs remain the most extensively documented of all amerindian civilizations at the time of european contact in the 16th century spanish friars, soldiers, and historians and scholars of indian or mixed descent left invaluable records of all aspects of life. Spanish conquest 1492-1580 a group of indians charged seven spaniards, who wounded two of them before the fifty-five natives fled el requerimiento was .
Deprived of water for several days, the spaniards managed to escape to el paso del norte (now el paso, texas) popé became the ruler of new mexico the dynamic leader had engineered the most successful indian uprising in the history of the west. The guachichile indians - so well known for their fierce resistance towards the spaniards in the chichimeca war (1550-1590) - inhabited the areas near lagos de moreno, arandas, ayo el chico, and tepatitlán in the los altos region of northeastern jalisco. Chapter 13 western civ1 the spaniards gained vast wealth in gold and silver, emerging as a major european power the requerimiento was part of the process of . Study guide and teaching aid for the requerimiento featuring document text, summary, and expert commentary.
A member of the conquistador’s force would read el requerimiento in castilian before a group of indians on the shore, who, with or without translation, remained uncomprehending all the region’s inhabitants were thus considered to have been advised of spain’s religious and legal rights to conquest and forewarned of the consequences of . The requerimiento was read in either spanish or latin with little concern for any possible native comprehension of the words narváez opened up negotiations with the indians by having one of the chiefs and his family come into the spanish camp. Legalistic spaniards devised this doctrine so that you could legally enslave indians who refused to agree with all the statements of the requerimiento notice the dire warning in the last paragraph to those who do not submit.